Worse, farming will not become attractive to young Indians who have turned away from farming given the mess it has been trapped in for years. A recently published study shows that the share of 20-29 year olds working in agriculture has increased from 34% to 14.4% in just 14 years. Here are the key details.
These figures highlight the declining primacy of agriculture in the Indian economy. Yet around 40% of total employment continues to be in agriculture, it is often said. At the same time, we hear about a shortage of agricultural labor. How do the two go together? To find out the true extent of India’s dependence on agriculture and how it varies across age groups and states, a team of three researchers looked at the data at the unit level of the Employment and Unemployment Survey, 2004-05, and the Periodic Labor Force Survey. , 2018-19.