A lesser-known consequence of the repeal of the agricultural law

Repealing farm laws may seem like a victory for some farmer leaders, but it is not. By blackmailing the government – which was guilty of passing the laws without adequate awareness among farmers – to back out, farmer leaders have ensured that agriculture remains inefficient, unrewarding , dependent on subsidies financed by the middle class and harmful to the environment.

Worse, farming will not become attractive to young Indians who have turned away from farming given the mess it has been trapped in for years. A recently published study shows that the share of 20-29 year olds working in agriculture has increased from 34% to 14.4% in just 14 years. Here are the key details.

These figures highlight the declining primacy of agriculture in the Indian economy. Yet around 40% of total employment continues to be in agriculture, it is often said. At the same time, we hear about a shortage of agricultural labor. How do the two go together? To find out the true extent of India’s dependence on agriculture and how it varies across age groups and states, a team of three researchers looked at the data at the unit level of the Employment and Unemployment Survey, 2004-05, and the Periodic Labor Force Survey. , 2018-19.

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