USDA conducts annual farmer and ranchers resource survey – Daily Leader

The USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service collects data from approximately 50,000 farmers and ranchers for its annual agricultural resource management survey.

The survey examines all aspects of US farm production, the well-being of farm households, farm finances, chemical use, and various characteristics of farm production. ARMS also collects detailed information on production practices, costs and returns for different products on a rotating basis. In 2021, the survey will take a closer look at organic corn, rice, dairy and dairy products.

Currently, NASS has suspended in-person data collection, but is asking farmers and ranchers to complete surveys online at, sending them the survey code.

“Annual data from ARMS is used to assess the financial health and resource utilization of producers today,” said Esmerelda Dickson, a Mississippi state statistician. “The information gives us an annual overview of the role of the agriculture industry in the US economy.”

The information provided by producers through the survey influences national and state policy decisions. Additionally, ARMS data is used to calculate the agricultural sector‘s share of gross domestic product, an important measure of the US economy.

ARMS runs from June 2021 to April 2022. The current first phase examines participants to ensure they have the products of interest necessary to accurately represent the entire U.S. agricultural sector. In phase two, NASS will collect information on production practices and the use of chemicals for specific products, and in the final phase, producers will be asked about farm income and production expenses.

“We strongly encourage all growers contacted for ARMS to participate, as their response represents not just their own farm, but many other similar operations across the country,” Dickson said. “For maximum convenience, producers should complete the survey online. Producers can also complete and send us the paper form by mail or fax.

All information is kept confidential and reported so that no single operation or producer can be identified. For more information on the 2021 survey, visit or call 601-359-1259.

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